This is a question that comes up again and again when we’re talking about the One Repo: how is it different from SHARE?
SHARE stands for SHared Access Research Ecosystem. It is an initiative of academic libraries in the USA, initially created as a response to the OSTP memo on public access. This memo was an important game-changer for how scholarly publishing will work in the USA, effectively expanding the NIH’s very successful public access policy across most federally funded research.
SHARE’s main contribution so far has been the creation of SHARE Notify. This is a system for producing a feed of publication-related events, such as the posting of a data-set in a repository, submission of a manuscript, or formal publication. The set of events that SHARE Notify has accumulated is available to be searched, and that database in some ways resembles the one that we’re building at The One Repo.
There are significant differences, though.
- SHARE is focussed primarily on the USA, while the One Repo’s goal is to cover the whole world — especially the areas neglected by other initiatives.
- SHARE focusses on research that is being published now, while the One Repo is equally interested in what has been published in the past.
- SHARE is interested in the whole publication cycle, whereas the One Repo is focussed only on research outputs.
Because our overall goal is the same — to remove barriers to research — there is potentially a lot of synergy between the two projects. At some point, we expect to start ingesting relevant data from SHARE’s database, which will help us to increase coverage. And we expect that SHARE will make use of our data, too. They will benefit from the One Repo’s work in picking up information from “long tail” sources — especially smaller open-access publishers, and institutional repositories that don’t advertise an OAI-PMH endpoint.